Detroit, MI Profile: Facts & Data


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Detroit, Michigan - Basic Facts

The City of Detroit is the largest city in Michigan with a population of 656,573 as of July 1, 2018. Detroit ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Michigan. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Detroit is located at latitude 42.383 and longitude -83.1022 in Wayne County. The formal boundaries for the City of Detroit (see map below) encompass a land area of 138.75 sq. miles and a water area of 4.12 sq. miles. Wayne County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 597 feet.

The City of Detroit (GNIS ID: 1626181) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Detroit: D-town, Motor City, Motown, Mo-Town, The D, Tiughsaghrondy, Tsi kiohsahrón:ta, Wawyachtenok.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Detroit 2018 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Detroit (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Michigan Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Michigan Data Comparison Tool - 2018 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2018, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


Detroit, MI Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 656,573
Population in Households 642,413
Population in Familes 490,505
Population in Group Qrtrs 14,160
Population Density2 4,732
Diversity Index3 42


Median Household Income $29,175
Average Household Income $43,042
Per Capita Income $16,977


Total Housing Units 348,170 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 115,930 (33.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 136,259 (39.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 95,981 (27.6%)
Median Home Value $67,539
Average Home Value $90,063


Total Households 252,189
Average Household Size 2.55
Family Households 147,989
Average Family Size 3
  1. Demographics are point estimates for July 1st of the current year and each for the forecast years. See References for more information.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2018 2018-2023
Population -1.01% -0.48%
Households -0.8% -0.31%
Families -1.16% -0.56%
Median Household Income   3.11%
Per Capita Income   3.7%

Detroit, MI - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Detroit to the other 692 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Michigan by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density # 21 97th
Diversity Index # 86 88th
Median Household Income # 674 3rd
Per Capita Income # 660 5th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Michigan Census Data Comparison Tool.

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Michigan Census Data Comparison Tool

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