Royal Oak, MI Profile: Facts & Data


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Royal Oak, Michigan - Basic Facts

The City of Royal Oak had a population of 58,731 as of July 1, 2020. Royal Oak ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Michigan. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Royal Oak is located at latitude 42.4895 and longitude -83.1446 in Oakland County. The formal boundaries for the City of Royal Oak encompass a land area of 11.78 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Oakland County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 663 feet.

The City of Royal Oak (GNIS ID: 1627011) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.


Royal Oak, MI Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)


Total Population 58,731 (100%)
Population in Households 58,302 (99.3%)
Population in Families 37,706 (64.2%)
Population in Group Quarters1 429 ( 0.7%)
Population Density 4,981
Diversity Index2 27


Median Household Income $81,542
Average Household Income $103,443
% of Income for Mortgage4 12%
Per Capita Income $51,317
Wealth Index5 103


Total HU (Housing Units) 31,123 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 19,358 (62.2%)
Renter Occupied HU 9,766 (31.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 1,999 ( 6.4%)
Median Home Value $227,551
Average Home Value $263,020
Housing Affordability Index3 177


Total Households 29,124
Average Household Size 2.0
Family Households 13,422
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2020 2020-2025
Population 0.25% 0.35%
Households 0.36% 0.42%
Families 0.02% 0.2%
Median Household Income   1.53%
Per Capita Income   1.91%
Owner Occupied HU   0.36%


Royal Oak, MI - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Royal Oak to the other 692 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Michigan by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 21 97th
Population Density # 14 98th
Median Household Income # 51 93rd
Housing Affordability Index # 158 23rd
Per Capita Income # 32 96th
Diversity Index # 176 75th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Michigan Census Data Comparison Tool.

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