Detroit, MI Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Detroit, Michigan - Basic Facts

The City of Detroit is an incorporated place (Class Code P1) located in Wayne County at latitude 42.383 and longitude -83.1022. Wayne County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 597 feet.

The formal official name is the City of Detroit, but most people and references simply refer to it as Detroit, Michigan.

The P1 Census Class Code for Detroit indicates a populated place that is also an incorporated place with the same name and the same census code. The Incorporated Place has a Functional Status Code "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The formal boundaries for the City of Detroit (see map below) encompass a land area of 138.75 sq. miles and a water area of 4.12 sq. miles.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Detroit: D-town, Motor City, Motown, Mo-Town, The D, Tiughsaghrondy, Tsi kiohsahrón:ta, Wawyachtenok.

City of Detroit, MI Boundary Map


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Detroit, MI Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 672,674
Population in Households 658,556
Population in Familes 512,526
Population in Group Qrtrs 14,118
Population Density1 4,848
Diversity Index2 39


Total Households 256,559
Average Household Size 2.57
Family Households 152,731
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 349,720 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 126,029 (36.0%)
Renter Occupied HU 130,530 (37.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 93,161 (26.6%)
Median Home Value $64,996
Average Home Value $66,103


Median Household Income $25,912
Average Household Income $36,573
Per Capita Income $14,194
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2014 2014-2019
Population -1.39% -0.86%
Households -1.15% -0.74%
Families -1.51% -0.96%
Median Household Income   2.5%
Per Capita Income   2.53%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.


Detroit, MI - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Detroit to the other 692 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Michigan by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density1 # 16 98th
Diversity Index2 # 89 87th
Median Household Income # 677 2nd
Per Capita Income # 670 3rd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Michigan Census Data Comparison Tool.