Detroit, MI Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Detroit, Michigan - Basic Facts

The City of Detroit is the largest city in Michigan with a population of 656,161 as of July 1, 2016. Detroit ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Michigan. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Detroit is located at latitude 42.383 and longitude -83.1022 in Wayne County. The formal boundaries for the City of Detroit (see map below) encompass a land area of 138.75 sq. miles and a water area of 4.12 sq. miles. Wayne County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 597 feet.

The City of Detroit (GNIS ID: 1626181) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Detroit population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Detroit: D-town, Motor City, Motown, Mo-Town, The D, Tiughsaghrondy, Tsi kiohsahrón:ta, Wawyachtenok.

Neighborhood Data

Address Based Hyperlocal Data Input an address and get data & demographics for the pertinent census block group (CBG), a searchable map and a customized directory. The CBG is the smallest geographical unit used by the Census Bureau for reporting certain data.


City of Detroit, MI Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Wayne County | Michigan Counties

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Detroit, MI Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 656,161
Population in Households 642,114
Population in Familes 496,844
Population in Group Qrtrs 14,047
Population Density1 4,729
Diversity Index2 42


Total Households 251,056
Average Household Size 2.56
Family Households 148,996
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 349,200 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 123,013 (35.2%)
Renter Occupied HU 128,043 (36.7%)
Vacant Housing Units 98,144 (28.1%)
Median Home Value $61,864
Average Home Value $81,583


Median Household Income $27,563
Average Household Income $39,839
Per Capita Income $15,684
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population -1.34% -0.92%
Households -1.12% -0.8%
Families -1.42% -0.98%
Median Household Income   -0.07%
Per Capita Income   1.54%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Detroit, MI - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Detroit to the other 692 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Michigan by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density1 # 19 97th
Diversity Index2 # 85 88th
Median Household Income # 672 3rd
Per Capita Income # 663 4th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Michigan Census Data Comparison Tool.